June 22, 2016

Reef Check Italia Publishes Paper in Aquatic Conservation

Reef Check Italia is pleased to announce the release of their latest paper entitled: Diving for science – science for diving: volunteer scuba divers support science and conservation in the Mediterranean Sea, published in the journal Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems.

Written by Carlo Cerrano, Martina Milanese and Massimo Ponti, the paper presents outcomes and some management-relevant applications of the citizen science initiative Reef Check Italia, and a profile of the volunteers themselves, including diving experience and motivations for volunteering.

The following is the abstract from the paper. If you would like to read the full paper, you may access it here or contact the authors for a copy.


1. Recreational diving engages 20 million people worldwide. Most of the literature refers to tropical destinations but at least 1 million dives per year take place in Mediterranean marine protected areas (MPAs).

2. Divers may negatively affect underwater habitats. However, if effectively engaged, they can contribute to science, territorial management and more sustainable local economies.

3. During 2006–2014, volunteers trained by the not-for-profit organization Reef Check Italia (RCI) completed 24714 observations and 2417 dives in six Mediterranean countries, contributing to a dataset that supports scientific papers about climate change, rare and non-indigenous species (NIS), and informs MPA management decision-making.

4. The wide range of opportunities offered by this dataset is illustrated with two examples relevant to marine conservation in the context of MPA management. They concern: (i) the spread of the NIS Caulerpa cylindracea along the Ligurian coasts, with a focus on Portofino MPA, and (ii) the distribution and abundance of protected species in the Portofino MPA.

5. A diver-focused survey showed that RCI volunteers are highly committed, and that participation in RCI activities has led to a better understanding of, and a sense of stewardship towards, favoured dive sites and the marine world. Knowing who volunteers are, and why they volunteer in their favourite sector, is crucial to designing citizen-science based projects able to achieve their multiple goals.